Can Quantum Computers Help with Safe Communications?

Can Quantum Computers Help with Safe Communications?

Financial institutions need to protect sensitive data from unauthorized access, such as financial transactions and investment strategies, so secure communication is crucial. Historically, communication in the finance industry has been protected by encryption techniques like public-key cryptography.

Traditional encryption techniques, on the other hand, are becoming more and more open to attacks as quantum computing becomes more widespread. This is because quantum computers, which can complete certain calculations much more quickly than classical computers, have the potential to defeat current encryption techniques.

Quantum key distribution (QKD) has come to light as a potential remedy for secure communication in finance to address this issue. In QKD, cryptographic keys that can be used for secure communication are distributed using the concepts of quantum mechanics.

Using a quantum communication channel, QKD communicates by sending light particles called photons. The photons are polarized in various ways to represent 1s and 0s, which can be used to encode a cryptographic key. The photons' state will be disturbed by any attempt to intercept or measure them due to the laws of quantum mechanics, which the receiver can pick up on. This makes it possible to identify any attempts to eavesdrop or tamper with the communication channel.

The ability of QKD to offer complete communication security is one of its main benefits. QKD is based on the principles of quantum mechanics, which are by nature secure, as opposed to conventional encryption techniques, which depend on mathematical algorithms that can be compromised with enough computational power.

Another benefit of QKD is its capacity to guarantee absolute communication secrecy. It is impossible for an attacker to obtain the cryptographic key without being discovered because any attempt to measure or intercept the photons will change their state.

To be addressed are the QKD's drawbacks and difficulties, though. For instance, adopting QKD may be challenging for smaller investors due to the high cost of quantum hardware and the requirement for specialized knowledge and skills. Additionally, because specialized equipment and a secure communication channel are required, the practical application of QKD can be difficult.

Despite these difficulties, QKD has the power to completely alter how secure communication is carried out in the financial industry. QKD has the potential to significantly lower the risk of cyberattacks and other security breaches in financial markets because it can offer unwavering security and complete communication secrecy. 

Author: Pooyan Ghamari, Swiss Economist and Visionary, Specialist in New Technology and AI