Artificial Intelligence Is Reshaping the Course of Warfare

Artificial Intelligence Is Reshaping the Course of Warfare

As autonomous weapons systems that can operate without human input develop, the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in warfare is becoming more widespread. But there are some significant ethical concerns with the use of AI in warfare. This article will look at how autonomous weapons have changed warfare and what that means for future military ethics.

Enhanced Precision and Efficiency.

Increased effectiveness and precision in combat are two of the main advantages of autonomous weapons. With less chance of human error and a higher success rate for military operations, autonomous weapons can operate faster and more precisely than human operators.

In addition, autonomous weapons can function in conditions that might be too risky or challenging for human operators, like deep space or ocean exploration.

However, the use of autonomous weapons also prompts worries about the disappearance of human oversight and responsibility in conflict.

a lack of accountability and human control.

Lack of human oversight and accountability is one of the main ethical issues with using autonomous weapons. Weapons systems that can operate independently by using their own programming and algorithms to make decisions and take actions.

This begs the questions of whose actions autonomous weapons are responsible for and how they can be held accountable for any unfavorable outcomes. Furthermore, it makes one wonder whether the programming of autonomous weapons might have unintended consequences or mistakes.

Risk of Accidental Injury.

The potential for unintended harm to non-combatants is another ethical issue with the use of autonomous weapons. It's possible for autonomous weapons to have difficulty telling apart combatants from non-combatants or to base their decisions on data that is erroneous or lacking.

This prompts worries about the potential for unintentional harm to innocent civilians and the requirement to ensure that autonomous weapons are created and used in a way that reduces this risk.

Army Morality in the Future.

The use of autonomous weapons in conflict is likely to increase as AI develops further. The need to ensure that the development and use of autonomous weapons is guided by ethical considerations as well as the future of military ethics are both raised by this.

The use of AI in warfare must be in accordance with both human values and the laws of armed conflict, which emphasizes the necessity of ongoing communication and engagement between military and ethical experts.


With the development of autonomous weapons systems that can function without human intervention, the use of AI in warfare is becoming more widespread. While autonomous weapons have advantages like greater effectiveness and precision, they also bring up serious ethical issues like the lack of human oversight and accountability as well as the possibility of unintended harm.

To ensure that the use of autonomous weapons is compliant with both human values and the laws of armed conflict, it is crucial to engage in ongoing discussion and debate about the ethical implications of AI in warfare. 

By Pooyan Ghamari, a Swiss economist who is exploring the impact of AI